As a new member of carbon allotropes, graphdiyne is a promising material with excellent electronic performance and high elasticity, indicating the possibility of graphdiyne to serve as the building blocks in flexible electronics. However, precise positioning/patterning of graphdiyne is still a challenge for the realization of large-area and flexible organic electronic devices and circuits. Here, the direct in situ synthesis of patterning graphdiyne stripe arrays dominated by the superlyophilic grooved templates is reported, whereas the superlyophilicity of grooved templates plays a key role in allowing continuous mass transport of raw reactants into the microscale spacing. After the completion of cross-coupling reaction procedure, precisely patterned graphdiyne stripes can be generated accordingly. The size of graphdiyne stripe arrays is depending on the silicon substrate size (1 cm × 1.5 cm), and the layer thickness can be manipulated from just several nanometers to hundreds of nanometers by varying the primary concentration of hexaethynylbenzene monomers. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, a stretchable sensor based on the graphdiyne stripe arrays is performed to monitor the human finger motion. It is expected that this wettability-facilitated strategy will provide new insights into the controlled synthesis of graphdiyne toward promising flexible electronics and other optoelectronic applications.
- Flexible sensors
- In situ synthesis
Wang, S. S., Liu, H. B., Kan, X-N., Wang, L., Chen, Y-H., Su, B., ... Jiang, L. (2017). Superlyophilicity-facilitated synthesis reaction at the microscale: Ordered graphdiyne stripe arrays. Small, 13(4), . https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201602265