99Tcm-labelled IgG scanning does not predict the distribution of intestinal inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

G. S. Hebbard, N. Salehi, P. R. Gibson, M. Lichtenstein, J. T. Andrews

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In order to assess the value of99Tcm-labelled-immunoglobulin G(99Tcm-IgG) in the assessment of the activity and distribution of intestinal inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD),99Tcm-IgG scans were performed in 18 patients. Patients were divided clinically into two groups, those with (ten patients) and those without (eight patients), intestinal inflammation. Disease activity and distribution were assessed by111In-oxine granulocyte scanning and/or histological extent of inflammation at endoscopy or surgery in all patients with IBD and most of those without intestinal inflammation. In the assessment of the presence or absence of inflammation, a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 87% were achieved. However, when the localization of intestinal inflammation was evaluated, only five of eight true positive scans were concordant with the distribution of intestinal inflammation as determined by other methods. Thus, significant areas of inflammation were missed in five of ten patients with IBD (two false negative, three incorrect localization of inflammation). Although99Tcm-IgG scanning appears to have moderate sensitivity and acceptable specificity in the detection of intestinal inflammation, it performs poorly in assessing the distribution of inflammation and is, therefore, of little value in the assessment of patients with suspected or proven IBD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes

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