Sulfide minerals

Andrew G. Tomkins, Bree Morgan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopaedia / Dictionary EntryOtherpeer-review


Reduced sulfur bonds as an anion with a significant range of metals (M) to form sulfide minerals of the general form MaSb, although two or more metals exist in many sulfide minerals. Sulfosalt minerals are a more complex subset of sulfide minerals of the general form MaXbSc, where X is typically one or more of the semimetals (As, Sb, Bi). Metals typically found as major cations in sulfide minerals on Earth include Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Ag, Cd, Hg, Tl, and Pb. Metals that can be found as, sometimes important, trace substitutions in sulfide minerals include the Platinum Group Elements (PGE: Pt, Pd, Rh, Ru, Ir, Os), Au, Ga, Ge, In, and Sn. Together, this large group of metal and semimetal cations, are referred to as chalcophileelements (meaning sulfur-loving). However, the PGE and Au behave as siderophile elements when metallic FeNi metal is present (Hayden et al. 2011).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopaedia of Geochemistry
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Reference Source on the Chemistry of the Earth
EditorsWilliam M White, William H Casey, Bernard Marty, Hisayoshi Yurimoto
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783319393124, 9783319393131
ISBN (Print)9783319393117
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameEncyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
ISSN (Print)1388-4360
ISSN (Electronic)1871-756X

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