Suicidal ideation, suicidal plan and suicidal attempts among those with major depressive disorder

Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Esmond L.S. Seow, Louisa Picco, Janhavi A.jit Vaingankar, Siow A.nn Chong

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9 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to identify the prevalence and sociodemographic and clinical correlates of suicidal behaviours using data from a cross-sectional survey among those with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Singapore.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS) was a cross-sectional epidemiological study that surveyed Singapore residents (Singapore citizens and permanent residents) aged 18 years and above. The assessment of mental disorders was established using version 3.0 of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0). For the purposes of this study, suicidal behaviour was assessed by questions which were asked to respondents who answered positively to the screening questions in the CIDI 3.0 "Depression" module.

RESULTS: The prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt among those with lifetime MDD was 43.6%, 13.7% and 12.3%, respectively. We found that suicidal ideation, plan and attempt were significantly associated with ethnicity, education and income. The rate of those who had sought some professional help was higher among those with suicidal plan (71.7%) and attempt (72.3%) as compared to those with suicidal ideation (48.7%) and those with MDD but no suicidal behaviour (29%).

CONCLUSION: Individuals with MDD and suicidal behaviour do differ from their non-suicidal counterparts as they have a different sociodemographic and clinical profile. There is a need for more research and a better understanding of this population which in turn could lead to the development and implementation of relevant interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-421
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

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