A clinical case is described of a patient with a history of dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) and prior atrial switch procedure who developed significant pulmonary hypertension whilst awaiting orthotopic cardiac transplantation. The increase in his pulmonary pressures necessitated de-listing for cardiac transplantation. A strategy of ventricular assist device (VAD) placement was then employed which provided improvement in his systemic cardiac output with left atrial off-loading to provide pulmonary vascular remodelling and consequently reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). He was supported for a period of 408 days prior to successful orthotopic cardiac transplantation. A small number of cases with this abnormality undergoing VAD implantation have been described. Mechanical circulatory support has an important role in some patients with congenital heart disease.
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Ventricular assist device