Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor: from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime

Tim Paasch-Colberg, Stanislav Yu Kruchinin, Ozge Saglam, Stefan Kapser, Stefano Cabrini, Sascha Muehlbrandt, Joachim Reichert, Johannes V. Barth, Ralph Ernstorfer, Reinhard Kienberger, Vladislav S. Yakovlev, Nicholas Karpowicz, Agustin Schiffrin

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nonlinear interactions between ultrashort optical waveforms and solids can be used to induce and steer electric currents on femtosecond (fs) timescales, holding promise for electronic signal processing at PHz (1015 Hz) frequencies [Nature 493, 70 (2013)]. So far, this approach has been limited to insulators, requiring extreme peak electric fields (>1 V/Å) and intensities (>1013 W/cm2). Here, we show all-optical generation and control of electric currents in a semiconductor relevant for high-speed and high-power (opto)electronics, gallium nitride (GaN), within an optical cycle and on a timescale shorter than 2 fs, at intensities at least an order of magnitude lower than those required for dielectrics. Our approach opens the door to PHz electronics and metrology, applicable to lowpower (non-amplified) laser pulses, and may lead to future applications in semiconductor and (photonic) integrated circuit technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1358-1361
Number of pages4
JournalOptica
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Coherent optical effects
  • Femtosecond phenomena
  • Including semiconductors
  • Multiphoton processes
  • Strong-field processes
  • Ultrafast measurements
  • Ultrafast processes in condensed matter

Cite this

Paasch-Colberg, T., Kruchinin, S. Y., Saglam, O., Kapser, S., Cabrini, S., Muehlbrandt, S., ... Schiffrin, A. (2016). Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor: from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime. Optica, 3(12), 1358-1361. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.3.001358
Paasch-Colberg, Tim ; Kruchinin, Stanislav Yu ; Saglam, Ozge ; Kapser, Stefan ; Cabrini, Stefano ; Muehlbrandt, Sascha ; Reichert, Joachim ; Barth, Johannes V. ; Ernstorfer, Ralph ; Kienberger, Reinhard ; Yakovlev, Vladislav S. ; Karpowicz, Nicholas ; Schiffrin, Agustin. / Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor : from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime. In: Optica. 2016 ; Vol. 3, No. 12. pp. 1358-1361.
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abstract = "Nonlinear interactions between ultrashort optical waveforms and solids can be used to induce and steer electric currents on femtosecond (fs) timescales, holding promise for electronic signal processing at PHz (1015 Hz) frequencies [Nature 493, 70 (2013)]. So far, this approach has been limited to insulators, requiring extreme peak electric fields (>1 V/{\AA}) and intensities (>1013 W/cm2). Here, we show all-optical generation and control of electric currents in a semiconductor relevant for high-speed and high-power (opto)electronics, gallium nitride (GaN), within an optical cycle and on a timescale shorter than 2 fs, at intensities at least an order of magnitude lower than those required for dielectrics. Our approach opens the door to PHz electronics and metrology, applicable to lowpower (non-amplified) laser pulses, and may lead to future applications in semiconductor and (photonic) integrated circuit technologies.",
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Paasch-Colberg, T, Kruchinin, SY, Saglam, O, Kapser, S, Cabrini, S, Muehlbrandt, S, Reichert, J, Barth, JV, Ernstorfer, R, Kienberger, R, Yakovlev, VS, Karpowicz, N & Schiffrin, A 2016, 'Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor: from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime' Optica, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 1358-1361. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.3.001358

Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor : from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime. / Paasch-Colberg, Tim; Kruchinin, Stanislav Yu; Saglam, Ozge; Kapser, Stefan; Cabrini, Stefano; Muehlbrandt, Sascha; Reichert, Joachim; Barth, Johannes V.; Ernstorfer, Ralph; Kienberger, Reinhard; Yakovlev, Vladislav S.; Karpowicz, Nicholas; Schiffrin, Agustin.

In: Optica, Vol. 3, No. 12, 20.12.2016, p. 1358-1361.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor

T2 - from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime

AU - Paasch-Colberg, Tim

AU - Kruchinin, Stanislav Yu

AU - Saglam, Ozge

AU - Kapser, Stefan

AU - Cabrini, Stefano

AU - Muehlbrandt, Sascha

AU - Reichert, Joachim

AU - Barth, Johannes V.

AU - Ernstorfer, Ralph

AU - Kienberger, Reinhard

AU - Yakovlev, Vladislav S.

AU - Karpowicz, Nicholas

AU - Schiffrin, Agustin

PY - 2016/12/20

Y1 - 2016/12/20

N2 - Nonlinear interactions between ultrashort optical waveforms and solids can be used to induce and steer electric currents on femtosecond (fs) timescales, holding promise for electronic signal processing at PHz (1015 Hz) frequencies [Nature 493, 70 (2013)]. So far, this approach has been limited to insulators, requiring extreme peak electric fields (>1 V/Å) and intensities (>1013 W/cm2). Here, we show all-optical generation and control of electric currents in a semiconductor relevant for high-speed and high-power (opto)electronics, gallium nitride (GaN), within an optical cycle and on a timescale shorter than 2 fs, at intensities at least an order of magnitude lower than those required for dielectrics. Our approach opens the door to PHz electronics and metrology, applicable to lowpower (non-amplified) laser pulses, and may lead to future applications in semiconductor and (photonic) integrated circuit technologies.

AB - Nonlinear interactions between ultrashort optical waveforms and solids can be used to induce and steer electric currents on femtosecond (fs) timescales, holding promise for electronic signal processing at PHz (1015 Hz) frequencies [Nature 493, 70 (2013)]. So far, this approach has been limited to insulators, requiring extreme peak electric fields (>1 V/Å) and intensities (>1013 W/cm2). Here, we show all-optical generation and control of electric currents in a semiconductor relevant for high-speed and high-power (opto)electronics, gallium nitride (GaN), within an optical cycle and on a timescale shorter than 2 fs, at intensities at least an order of magnitude lower than those required for dielectrics. Our approach opens the door to PHz electronics and metrology, applicable to lowpower (non-amplified) laser pulses, and may lead to future applications in semiconductor and (photonic) integrated circuit technologies.

KW - Coherent optical effects

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KW - Including semiconductors

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KW - Strong-field processes

KW - Ultrafast measurements

KW - Ultrafast processes in condensed matter

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U2 - 10.1364/OPTICA.3.001358

DO - 10.1364/OPTICA.3.001358

M3 - Letter

VL - 3

SP - 1358

EP - 1361

JO - Optica

JF - Optica

SN - 2334-2536

IS - 12

ER -

Paasch-Colberg T, Kruchinin SY, Saglam O, Kapser S, Cabrini S, Muehlbrandt S et al. Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor: from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime. Optica. 2016 Dec 20;3(12):1358-1361. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.3.001358