Sub-2 nm Pt-decorated Zn0.5Cd0.5S nanocrystals with twin-induced homojunctions for efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic H2 evolution

Boon Junn Ng, Lutfi Kurnianditia Putri, Xin Ying Kong, Katrina Pui Yee Shak, Pooria Pasbakhsh, Siang Piao Chai, Abdul Rahman Mohamed

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    74 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pseudobinary ZnxCd1-xS semiconductor with zinc blende/wurtzite (ZB/WZ) twin-induced crystal structure has been regarded as one of the best pristine sulfide photocatalysts for H2 evolution via water splitting. While the synthesis of this nano-twin photocatalyst is at the forefront of research, the incorporation of co-catalyst to improve photocatalytic activities through synergistic properties has rarely been reported. Loading well-dispersed ultrasmall platinum (Pt) with controlled sizes is the pivotal element in maximizing atom-utilization efficiencies by downsizing the noble metal clusters. In this contribution, we report the fabrication of highly dispersed sub-2 nm Pt decorated twinned Zn0.5Cd0.5S nanocrystals and their excellent photocatalytic H2 evolution in both acidic and alkaline sacrificial reagents. The high visible-light-driven H2 evolution rates of the most active sample (denoted as 8Pt-Zn0.5Cd0.5S) in 0.1 M Na2S/0.1 M Na2SO3 (pH = 12.94) and 0.15 M ascorbic acid (pH = 2.24) are measured to be 114.3 μmol h−1 (AQY:7.15%) and 164.9 μmol h−1 (AQY:8.56%), respectively, which render ca. 4.9- and 27.9-fold enhancement over pristine twinned Zn0.5Cd0.5S. The presence of homojunctions (within ZB and WZ segments) and heterojunctions (between Pt and twinned Zn0.5Cd0.5S) impart an efficient spatial charge separation and provide more active sites for highly efficient photocatalytic H2 production.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)360-367
    Number of pages8
    JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
    Volume224
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2018

    Keywords

    • Hydrogen
    • Photocatalyst
    • Sub-2 nm Pt
    • Twinned ZnCdS
    • Water splitting

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