This study aims to identify the chemical species and leaching behavior of Cd, Zn, Pb, Cu and Cr in a fly ash with high content of calcium collected from the incineration of municipal solid waste (MWS), based on the sequential leaching procedure. A thermodynamic pseudo-equilibrium model was also developed to evaluate the possible chemical compounds of these heavy metals in the fly ash. The results indicate that, approximate 30% of Cu was distributed in the organic bound fraction and very likely combined with some organic ligands. Pb exhibited the highest fraction among these five metals in water soluble fraction, accounting for about 7.5%. It thus potentially causes a menace to the surroundings. In terms of model calculation, the metallic chlorides in the fly ash were responsible for the leaching of Pb, Zn, Cd and Cu even under a rigorous environmental condition (pH = 2) where the oxides and/or metallic ferrites were rarely mobile. The leaching of Cr and Cd in the fly ash was controlled by a dissolution mechanism whereas the fate of Pb, Zn and Cu was controlled by the precipitation/sorption. Cu and Zn in fly ash have been proven to associate with Ca-bearing compounds through precipitation/sorption during leaching test while Pb mainly exists as sulfate and phosphate.
- Leaching behavior
- MSW fly ash
- Sequential leaching test
- Thermodynamic pseudo-equilibrium model