Dimeric dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (DD) catalyses the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(+))-dependent oxidation of trans-dihydrodiols of aromatic hydrocarbons to their corresponding catechols. This is the first report of the crystal structure of the dimeric enzyme determined at 2.0 angstrom resolution. The tertiary structure is formed by a classical dinucleotide binding fold comprising of two ss alpha ss alpha ss motifs at the N-terminus and an eight-stranded, predominantly antiparallel ss-sheet at the C-terminus. The active-site of DD, occupied either by a glycerol molecule or the inhibitor 4-hydroxyacetophenone, is located in the C-terminal domain of the protein and maintained by a number of residues including Lys97, Trp125, Phe154, Leu158, Val161, Asp176, Leu177, Tyr180, Trp254, Phe279, and Asp280. The dimer interface is stabilized by a large number of intermolecular contacts mediated by the ss-sheet of each monomer, which includes an intricate hydrogen bonding network maintained in principal by Arg148 and Arg202. Site-directed mutagenesis has demonstrated that the intact dimer is not essential for catalytic activity. The similarity between the quaternary structures of mammalian DD and glucose-fructose oxidoreductase isolated from the prokaryotic organism Zymomonas mobilis suggests that both enzymes are members of a unique family of oligomeric proteins and may share a common ancestral gene.
|Pages (from-to)||176 - 187|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|