Structure optimization of perovskite quantum dot light-emitting diodes

Qasim Khan, Alagesan Subramanian, Guannan Yu, Khan Maaz, Delong Li, Rizwan Ur Rehman Sagar, Keqiang Chen, Wei Lei, Babar Shabbir, Yupeng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although all-inorganic perovskite light emitting diodes (PeLED) have satisfactory stability under an ambient atmosphere, producing devices with high performance is challenging. A device architecture with a reduced energy barrier between adjacent layers and optimized energy level alignment in the PeLED is critical to achieve high electroluminescence efficiency. In this study, we report the optimization of a CsPbBr3-based PeLED device structure with Li-doped TiO2 nanoparticles as the electron transport layer (ETL). Optimal Li doping balances charge carrier injection between the hole transport layer (HTL) and ETL, leading to superior performance in both devices. The turn-on voltages for devices with Li-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were significantly reduced from 7.7 V to 4.9 V and from 3 V to 2 V in the direct and inverted PeLED structures, respectively. The low turn-on voltage for green emission is one of the lowest values among the reported CsPbBr3-based PeLEDs. Further investigations show that the device with an inverted structure is superior to the device with a direct structure because the energy barrier for carrier injection was minimized. The inverted structure devices exhibited a current efficiency of 5.6 cd A-1 for the pristine TiO2 ETL, while it was 15.2 cd A-1 for the Li-doped TiO2 ETL, a factor of ∼2.7 enhancement at 5000 cd m-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5021-5029
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2019

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