Structure of the G225P/G226P mutant of mouse 3(17)alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C21) ternary complex: Implications for the binding of inhibitor and substrate

Urmi Dhagat, Satoshi Endo, Hiroaki Mamiya, Akira Hara, Ossama El-Kabbani

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3(17)alpha-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C21) is a unique member of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily owing to its ability to reduce 17-ketosteroids to 17 alpha-hydroxysteroids, as opposed to other members of the AKR family, which can only produce 17 beta-hydroxysteroids. In this paper, the crystal structure of a double mutant (G225P/G226P) of AKR1C21 in complex with the coenzyme NADP(+) and the inhibitor hexoestrol refined at 2.1 angstrom resolution is presented. Kinetic analysis and molecular-modelling studies of 17 alpha- and 17 beta-hydroxysteroid substrates in the active site of AKR1C21 suggested that Gly225 and Gly226 play an important role in determining the substrate stereospecificity of the enzyme. Additionally, the G225P/G226P mutation of the enzyme reduced the affinity (K-m) for both 3 alpha- and 17 beta- hydroxysteroid substrates by up to 160-fold, indicating that these residues are critical for the binding of substrates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257 - 265
Number of pages9
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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