Structure-guided design of a selective BCL-XL inhibitor

Guillaume Lessene, Peter Edward Czabotar, Brad Sleebs, Kerry Zobel, Kym Lowes, Jerry M Adams, Jonathan Bayldon Baell, Peter M Colman, Kurt Deshayes, Wayne J Fairbrother, John A Flygare, Paul Gibbons, Wilhelmus J A Kersten, Sanjitha Kulasegaram, Rebecca M Moss, John P Parisot, Brian J Smith, Ian Philip Street, Hong Yang, David CS HuangKeith Geoffrey Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

252 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prosurvival BCL-2 family protein BCL-X-L is often overexpressed in solid tumors and renders malignant tumor cells resistant to anticancer therapeutics. Enhancing apoptotic responses by inhibiting BCL-X-L will most likely have widespread utility in cancer treatment and, instead of inhibiting multiple prosurvival BCL-2 family members, a BCL-X-L-selective inhibitor would be expected to minimize the toxicity to normal tissues. We describe the use of a high-throughput screen to discover a new series of small molecules targeting BCL-X-L and their structure-guided development by medicinal chemistry. The optimized compound, WEHI-539 (7), has high affinity (subnanomolar) and selectivity for BCL-X-L and potently kills cells by selectively antagonizing its prosurvival activity. WEHI-539 will be an invaluable tool for distinguishing the roles of BCL-X-L from those of its prosurvival relatives, both in normal cells and notably in malignant tumor cells, many of which may prove to rely upon BCL-X-L for their sustained growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390 - 400
Number of pages11
JournalNature Chemical Biology
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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