The structure and electrical conductivity of the solid solution FexTi1-2xNbxO2-delta (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) have been investigated. A solid solution with the rutile structure is observed, along with an increase in unit cell volume with increasing substitution. The conductivity in 5 H-2/Ar reduced with increasing doping levels, reaching a maximum of 2.67 S cm(-1) at 700 degrees C for Fe0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1O2-delta. None of the compounds in this series were redox stable at 700 degrees C in 5 H-2/Ar, with increasing amounts of a haematite secondary phase observed with increased doping levels. Reduction at 900 degrees C in 5 H-2/Ar caused a significant increase in conductivity (8.34 S cm(-1) in 5 H-2/Ar) at 700 degrees C, suggesting that only partial reduction occurs at lower temperatures. The lack of redox stability and relatively low conductivities of these materials makes them unsuitable as a component of composite anode for IT-SOFC.