Structural stability and oxygen permeability of BaCo1-xNbxO3-delta ceramic membranes for air separation

Chengzhang Wu, Yongqian Gai, Jianfang Zhou, Xia Tang, Yunwen Zhang, Weizhong Ding, Chenghua Sun

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BaCo1−xNbxO3−δ (BCNx, x = 0.1–0.2) membranes were synthesized through conventional solid-phase reactions. The introduction of niobium facilitates the formation of the cubic perovskite structure and decreases oxygen nonstoichiometry. BCNx membranes possess higher oxygen permeation flux compared with BaCo0.7Fe0.2Nb0.1O3−δ membrane at the same condition. A stable permeation flux as high as 2.61 ml cm−2 min−1 is obtained through BaCo0.9Nb0.1O3−δ membrane at 900 °C under the Air/He gradient. Long-time permeation study shows that the oxygen fluxes of BCNx membranes are stable at 900 °C but degrade slowly with time at 850 °C. XRD and TG–DSC results indicate that the degradation behavior occured at 850 °C is due to the phase transition from the cubic perovskite to monoclinic or orthorhombic structure, which is governed by the oxygen partial pressure and temperature. The oxidation of cobalt ion is considered to be the nature for the phase transition, which makes the tolerance factor increasing and results in structural destabilization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Perovskite
  • Niobium
  • Oxygen permeation
  • Structural stability
  • Phase transition

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