Structural changes in the renal vasculature in the spontaneous hypertensive rat: No effect of angiotensin II blockade

Michelle M. Kett, Warwick P. Anderson, John F. Bertram, Daine Alcorn

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Abstract

1. There is strong evidence for a renal basis to the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Alterations of the SHR renal vasculature, including the glomerulus, may be involved in the initiation and maintenance of hypertension in this animal model. 2. The arterial walls of pre-glomerular vessels of the SHR are hypertrophied compared with WKY vessels. Unlike other vascular beds in the SHR, this hypertrophy is independent of angiotensin II (AngII). 3. Glomerular number and volume are similar between SHR and the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. These results provide no support for the theory that a reduced filtration surface area within the kidneys of the SHR contributes to the elevated blood pressure in these animals. 4. Intrarenal hypertrophy may have similar haemodynamic consequences to clipping of the main renal artery, as in Goldblatt hypertension. Further analysis of the role of preglomerular arterial hypertrophy is warranted to determine its involvement in the initiation and maintenance of hypertension in the SHR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume23
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 1996

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Arteries
  • Glomerulus
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy
  • Kidney

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