Projects per year
Nectin and nectin-like (Necl) adhesion molecules are broadly overexpressed in a wide range of cancers. By binding to these adhesion molecules, the immunoreceptors DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1), CD96 molecule (CD96), and T-cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) play a crucial role in regulating the anticancer activities of immune effector cells. However, within this axis, it remains unclear how DNAM-1 recognizes its cognate ligands. Here, we determined the structure of human DNAM-1 in complex with nectin-like protein-5 (Necl-5) at 2.8 Å resolution. Unexpectedly, we found that the two extracellular domains (D1–D2) of DNAM-1 adopt an unconventional “collapsed” arrangement that is markedly distinct from those in other immunoglobulin-based immunoreceptors. The DNAM-1/Necl-5 interaction was underpinned by conserved lock–and–key motifs located within their respective D1 domains, but also included a distinct interface derived from DNAM-1 D2. Mutation of the signature DNAM-1 “key” motif within the D1 domain attenuated Necl-5 binding and natural killer cell–mediated cytotoxicity. Altogether, our results have implications for understanding the binding mode of an immune receptor family that is emerging as a viable candidate for cancer immunotherapy.
- DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1)
- cancer immunotherapy
- CD226 molecule
- nectin-like protein-5 (NECL-5)
- PVR cell adhesion molecule
- protein structure
- immunoglobulin fold
- cell adhesion
- natural killer cells (NK cells)
- 1 Finished
Whisstock, J., Abbey, B., Nugent, K., Quiney, H. M., Godfrey, D. I., Heath, W., Fairlie, D., Chapman, H., Peele, A., Davey, J. & Wittmann, A.
30/06/14 → 31/03/21
Office of the Vice-Provost (Research and Research Infrastructure)
Geoffrey Kong (Operator)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms