Structural and sequence comparisons of quinone oxidoreductase, ζ-crystallin, and glucose and alcohol dehydrogenases

Karen J. Edwards, John D. Barton, Jamie Rossjohn, Jennifer M. Thorn, Garry L. Taylor, David L. Ollis

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quinone oxidoreductase, ζ-crystallin, glucose dehydrogenase, and alcohol dehydrogenase belong to a superfamily of medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductases. The crystal structures of Escherichia coli quinone oxidoreductase (QOR) and Thermoplasma acidophilum glucose dehydrogenase have recently been determined and are compared here with the well-known structure of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase. A structurally based comparison of these three enzymes confirms that they possess extensive overall structural homology despite low sequence identity. The most significant difference is the absence of the catalytic and structural zinc ions in QOR. A multiple structure-based sequence alignment has been constructed for the three enzymes and extended to include ζ-crystallin, an eye lens structural protein with quinone oxidoreductase activity and high sequence identity to E. coli quinone oxidoreductase. Residues which are important for catalysis have been altered and the functions and activities of the enzymes have diverged, illustrating a classic example of divergent evolution among a superfamily of enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume328
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol dehydrogenase
  • Glucose dehydrogenase
  • Medium chain dehydrogenase
  • Quinone oxido-reductase
  • ζ-crystallin

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