String fragmentation with a time-dependent tension

Nicholas Hunt-Smith, Peter Skands

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Motivated by recent theoretical arguments that expanding strings can be regarded as having a temperature that is inversely proportional to the proper time, τ, we investigate the consequences of adding a term ∝ 1/τ to the string tension in the Lund string-hadronization model. The lattice value for the tension, κ0 ∼ 0.18 GeV^2 ∼ 0.9 GeV/fm, is then interpreted as the late-time/equilibrium limit. A generic prediction of this type of model is that early string breaks should be associated with higher strangeness (and baryon) fractions and higher fragmentation ⟨ p⟩ values. It should be possible to use archival ee data sets to provide model-independent constraints on this type of scenario, and we propose a few simple key measurements to do so.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1073
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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