Streptomyces malaysiense sp. nov. A novel Malaysian mangrove soil actinobacterium with antioxidative activity and cytotoxic potential against human cancer cell lines

Hooi Leng Ser, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Wai Fong Yin, Kok Gan Chan, Bey Hing Goh, Learn Han Lee

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    Abstract

    Actinobacteria from the unique intertidal ecosystem of the mangroves are known to produce novel, bioactive secondary metabolites. A novel strain known as MUSC 136 T (=DSM 100712 T = MCCC 1K01246 T) which was isolated from Malaysian mangrove forest soil has proven to be no exception. Assessed by a polyphasic approach, its taxonomy showed a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with the genus of Streptomyces. Phylogenetically, highest similarity was to Streptomyces misionensis NBRC 13063 T (99.6%) along with two other strains (>98.9% sequence similarities). The DNA-DNA relatedness between MUSC 136 T and these type strains ranged from 22.7 ± 0.5% to 46.5 ± 0.2%. Overall, polyphasic approach studies indicated this strain represents a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces malaysiense sp. nov. is proposed. The potential bioactivities of this strain were explored by means of antioxidant and cytotoxic assays. Intriguingly, MUSC 136 T exhibited strong antioxidative activities as evaluated by a panel of antioxidant assays. It was also found to possess high cytotoxic effect against HCT-116 cells, which probably mediated through altering p53 protein and intracellular glutathione levels. Chemical analysis of the extract using GC-MS further affirms that the strain produces chemopreventive related metabolites.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number24247
    Number of pages12
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2016

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