The strengthening that results from the low-temperature formation of strain-induced martensite in austenitic stainless steel was studied. Specifically, the work hardening behaviour was characterized, as well as the spatial distribution of the martensite as a function of prior strain. Neutron diffraction measurements revealed the degree of elastic strain partitioning between the austenite and martensite. It was found that a sufficiently high initial dislocation density leads to a localization of the martensite transformation in the form of a Lüders front. The martensite acts as an elastic reinforcing phase as it supports a higher stress than the austenite tensile loading, even though the martensite co-deforms plastically with the austenite. A model was developed that predicts the volume fraction of martensite formed as a function of plastic strain.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Materials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing|
|Issue number||1-2 SPEC. ISS.|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Dec 2004|
- Austenitic stainless steel