Poor immune recovery is characteristic of bone marrow transplantation and leads to high levels of morbidity and mortality. The primary underlying cause is a compromised thymic function, resulting from age-induced atrophy and further compounded by the damaging effects of cytoablative conditioning regimes on thymic epithelial cells (TEC). Several strategies have been proposed to enhance T cell reconstitution. Some, such as the use of single biological agents, are currently being tested in clinical trials. However, a more rational approach to immune restoration will be to leverage the evolving repertoire of new technologies. Specifically, the combined targeting of TEC, thymocytes and peripheral T cells, together with the bone marrow niches, promises a more strategic clinical therapeutic platform.
|Pages (from-to)||457 - 477|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Seminars in Immunopathology|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|