Strategic niche management for biofuels: Analysing past experiments for developing new biofuel policies

W. W.M. van der Laak, R. P.J.M. Raven, G. P.J. Verbong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

144 Citations (Scopus)


Biofuels have gained a lot of attention since the implementation of the 2003 European Directive on biofuels. In the Netherlands the contribution of biofuels is still very limited despite several experiments in the past. This article aims to contribute to the development of successful policies for stimulating biofuels by analysing three experiments in depth. The approach of strategic niche management (SNM) is used to explain success and failure of these projects. Based on the analysis as well as recent innovation literature we develop a list of guidelines that is important to consider when developing biofuel policies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3213-3225
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofuels
  • Policy guidelines
  • Strategic niche management

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