Strategic integration of HRM and firm performance in a changing environment in China: The impact of organisational effectiveness as a mediator

Jiuhua Cherrie Zhu, Brian Cooper, Stanley Bruce Thomson, Helen Louise De Cieri, Shuming Zhao

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14 Citations (Scopus)


In the context of dramatic changes in China, this paper investigates the role of organisational effectiveness as a mediator in the relationship between the strategic integration of human resource management (HRM) and firm financial performance. Our study is based on the survey responses of 618 managers in state-owned and private (domestic and foreign-invested) enterprises in China. While most studies of the linkage between HRM practices and firm performance in China have measured firm financial performance or used an ad hoc combination of financial and non-financial indicators, we argue for a distinction to be made between non-financial organisational effectiveness and financial performance. As hypothesised, controlling for sector (state-owned vs. private), we find positive relationships between perceived changing business environment and strategic integration of HRM, and between strategic integration of HRM and organisational effectiveness. Our research adds an important conceptual link by showing that organisational effectiveness plays an important role as a mediator in the HRM and firm financial performance relationship and reinforces the importance of the organisational and environmental context for HRM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2985 - 3001
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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