Stochastic dynamics of a Hepatitis B virus transmission model

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Abstract

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and has caused epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa. During the last two decades, mathematical models have been designed to evaluate the effect of public health programs and provided long-term predictions regarding the disease prevalence and control. These mathematical models are dominantly deterministic because of the large population size. However, then considering elimination and eradication of the HBV, the demographic noise due to the inherent discreteness of individuals may play an important role in determining the dynamics of HBV infection. This work develops a stochastic model to study the influence of small number of infected individuals on the extinction of the disease. Simulation results suggested that, when the infected population size is small, there is disparity between the deterministic model using ordinary differential equations and the corresponding stochastic model. This research work suggested that stochastic modelling could provide a powerful tool to study the eradication of epidemic disease.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education
EditorsShaozi Li, Ying Dai
Place of PublicationBeijing China
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages496 - 500
Number of pages5
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9781612847023
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventInternational Symposium on Information Technology in Medicine and Education 2011 - Guangzhou, China, Beijing China
Duration: 1 Jan 2011 → …

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Information Technology in Medicine and Education 2011
CityBeijing China
Period1/01/11 → …

Cite this

Tian, T. (2011). Stochastic dynamics of a Hepatitis B virus transmission model. In S. Li, & Y. Dai (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education (Vol. 1, pp. 496 - 500). IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.