Statistical linearization of nonlinear structural systems with singular matrices

Vasileios C. Fragkoulis, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Athanasios A. Pantelous

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11 Citations (Scopus)


A generalized statistical linearization technique is developed for determining approximately the stochastic response of nonlinear dynamic systems with singular matrices. This system modeling can arise when a greater than the minimum number of coordinates is utilized, and can be advantageous, for instance, in cases of complex multibody systems where the explicit formulation of the equations of motion can be a nontrivial task. In such cases, the introduction of additional/redundant degrees of freedom can facilitate the formulation of the equations of motion in a less labor-intensive manner. Specifically, relying on the generalized matrix inverse theory and on the Moore-Penrose (M-P) matrix inverse, a family of optimal and response-dependent equivalent linear matrices is derived. This set of equations in conjunction with a generalized excitation-response relationship for linear systems leads to an iterative determination of the system response mean vector and covariance matrix. Further, it is proved that setting the arbitrary element in the M-P solution for the equivalent linear matrices equal to zero yields a mean square error at least as low as the error corresponding to any nonzero value of the arbitrary element. This proof greatly facilitates the practical implementation of the technique because it promotes the utilization of the intuitively simplest solution among a family of possible solutions. A pertinent numerical example demonstrates the validity of the generalized technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04016063
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Moore-Penrose inverse
  • Random vibration
  • Singular matrices
  • Statistical linearization
  • Structural dynamics

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