Stationary Quantum Vortex Street in a Driven-Dissipative Quantum Fluid of Light

S. V. Koniakhin, O. Bleu, D. D. Stupin, S. Pigeon, A. Maitre, F. Claude, G. Lerario, Q. Glorieux, A. Bramati, D. Solnyshkov, G. Malpuech

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We investigate the formation of a new class of density-phase defects in a resonantly driven 2D quantum fluid of light. The system bistability allows the formation of low-density regions containing density-phase singularities confined between high-density regions. We show that, in 1D channels, an odd (1 or 3) or even (2 or 4) number of dark solitons form parallel to the channel axis in order to accommodate the phase constraint induced by the pumps in the barriers. These soliton molecules are typically unstable and evolve toward stationary symmetric or antisymmetric arrays of vortex streets straightforwardly observable in cw experiments. The flexibility of this photonic platform allows implementing more complicated potentials such as mazelike channels, with the vortex streets connecting the entrances and thus solving the maze.

Original languageEnglish
Article number215301
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2019

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