STAT5 Activation in the Dermal Papilla Is Important for Hair Follicle Growth Phase Induction

Julien M.D. Legrand, Edwige Roy, Jonathan Ellis, Mathias Francois, Andrew J Brooks, Kiarash Khosrotehrani

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hair follicles are skin appendages that undergo periods of growth (anagen), regression (catagen), and rest (telogen) regulated by their mesenchymal component, the dermal papilla (DP). On the basis of the reports of its specific expression in the DP, we investigated signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT5) activation during hair development and cycling. STAT5 activation in the DP began in late catagen, reaching a peak in early anagen before disappearing for the rest of the cycle. This was confirmed by the expression profile of suppressor of cytokine signaling 2, a STAT5 target in the DP. This pattern of expression starts after the first postnatal hair cycle. Quantification of hair cycling using the Flash canonical Wnt signaling in vivo bioluminescence reporter found that conditional knockout of STAT5A/B in the DP targeted through Cre-recombinase under the control of the Sox18 promoter resulted in delayed anagen entry compared with control. Microarray analysis of STAT5 deletion versus control revealed key changes in tumor necrosis factor-α, Wnt, and fibroblast growth factor ligands, known for their role in inducing anagen entry. We conclude that STAT5 activation acts as a mesenchymal switch to trigger natural anagen entry in postdevelopmental hair follicle cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1781-1791
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume136
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes

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