Start here- principles of effective undergraduate training

Arunaz Kumar, Charles Ameh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Obstetric and gynaecology undergraduate training is an intense time for learners as they encounter various health conditions related to women's health and also learn about pregnancy care and birth. The experience is directed to familiarise students with basic clinical management of gynaecological conditions, also develop communication and related core examination and procedural skills. Similarly, midwifery training encompasses independent care of low-risk pregnant women and assist in care of high-risk pregnancy in partnership with obstetricians. Although its necessary to acquaint most learners with core clinical skills in obstetrics and gynaecology, learning opportunities on patients can be limited, due to the intrusive nature of women's health examination. Simulation Based Education (SBE) can facilitate learning hands-on clinical examination and procedural skills, using realistic part-task and high-fidelity simulators prior to approaching patients. This can apply to both medical and midwifery undergraduate training, further creating opportunities for professional interaction and shared learning space to facilitate interprofessional education. IPE has been shown to improve professional relationships in practicing clinicians. This learning pedagogy can be applied in the undergraduate setting as well, to decrease risk of conflict and appreciate roles of other interprofessional staff in future clinical practice. In this chapter we highlight some challenges faced by medical and midwifery undergraduates in their learning from a global perspective. We also describe some teaching and learning initiatives that can be applicable across various settings of obstetrics, gynaecology medical undergraduate and midwifery teaching with relevant case studies to facilitate new graduates preparedness for practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-125
Number of pages12
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Interprofessional education
  • Midwifery
  • Obstetric
  • Skilled health personnel
  • undergraduate

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