Starch: Synthesis

A. Regina, S. Rahman, Z. Li, M. K. Morell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopaedia / Dictionary EntryOtherpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Starch is a major component of cereal grains and forms an important part of our daily diet. A number of enzymes involved in starch biosynthesis have now been characterized. These include ADPG pyrophosphorylases, starch synthases, starch branching enzymes, and starch debranching enzymes. Multiple isoforms of each of these enzymes are present in the cereal endosperm. The roles of these enzymes in starch synthesis have been studied, although further studies are required to fully understand the mechanisms of starch synthesis in cereal grains. The roles of other enzymes in starch synthesis and new approaches for studying the function of these enzymes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food Grains
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherElsevier
Pages181-189
Number of pages9
Volume2
Edition2nd
ISBN (Electronic)9780123947864
ISBN (Print)9780128035368
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Amylopectin
  • Amylose
  • Cereals
  • Gene structure
  • Granules
  • Maize
  • Multiprotein complexes
  • Rice
  • Waxy
  • Wheat

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