Star polymers

Jing M. Ren, Thomas G. McKenzie, Qiang Fu, Edgar H. H. Wong, Jiangtao Xu, Zesheng An, Sivaprakash Shanmugam, Thomas P. Davis, Cyrille Boyer, Greg G. Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recent advances in controlled/living polymerization techniques and highly efficient coupling chemistries have enabled the facile synthesis of complex polymer architectures with controlled dimensions and functionality. As an example, star polymers consist of many linear polymers fused at a central point with a large number of chain end functionalities. Owing to this exclusive structure, star polymers exhibit some remarkable characteristics and properties unattainable by simple linear polymers. Hence, they constitute a unique class of technologically important nanomaterials that have been utilized or are currently under audition for many applications in life sciences and nanotechnologies. This article first provides a comprehensive summary of synthetic strategies towards star polymers, then reviews the latest developments in the synthesis and characterization methods of star macromolecules, and lastly outlines emerging applications and current commercial use of star-shaped polymers. The aim of this work is to promote star polymer research, generate new avenues of scientific investigation, and provide contemporary perspectives on chemical innovation that may expedite the commercialization of new star nanomaterials. We envision in the not-too-distant future star polymers will play an increasingly important role in materials science and nanotechnology in both academic and industrial settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6743-6836
Number of pages94
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume116
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2016

Cite this

Ren, J. M., McKenzie, T. G., Fu, Q., Wong, E. H. H., Xu, J., An, Z., ... Qiao, G. G. (2016). Star polymers. Chemical Reviews, 116(12), 6743-6836. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00008
Ren, Jing M. ; McKenzie, Thomas G. ; Fu, Qiang ; Wong, Edgar H. H. ; Xu, Jiangtao ; An, Zesheng ; Shanmugam, Sivaprakash ; Davis, Thomas P. ; Boyer, Cyrille ; Qiao, Greg G. / Star polymers. In: Chemical Reviews. 2016 ; Vol. 116, No. 12. pp. 6743-6836.
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Ren, JM, McKenzie, TG, Fu, Q, Wong, EHH, Xu, J, An, Z, Shanmugam, S, Davis, TP, Boyer, C & Qiao, GG 2016, 'Star polymers' Chemical Reviews, vol. 116, no. 12, pp. 6743-6836. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00008

Star polymers. / Ren, Jing M.; McKenzie, Thomas G.; Fu, Qiang; Wong, Edgar H. H.; Xu, Jiangtao; An, Zesheng; Shanmugam, Sivaprakash; Davis, Thomas P.; Boyer, Cyrille; Qiao, Greg G.

In: Chemical Reviews, Vol. 116, No. 12, 22.06.2016, p. 6743-6836.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Star polymers

AU - Ren, Jing M.

AU - McKenzie, Thomas G.

AU - Fu, Qiang

AU - Wong, Edgar H. H.

AU - Xu, Jiangtao

AU - An, Zesheng

AU - Shanmugam, Sivaprakash

AU - Davis, Thomas P.

AU - Boyer, Cyrille

AU - Qiao, Greg G.

PY - 2016/6/22

Y1 - 2016/6/22

N2 - Recent advances in controlled/living polymerization techniques and highly efficient coupling chemistries have enabled the facile synthesis of complex polymer architectures with controlled dimensions and functionality. As an example, star polymers consist of many linear polymers fused at a central point with a large number of chain end functionalities. Owing to this exclusive structure, star polymers exhibit some remarkable characteristics and properties unattainable by simple linear polymers. Hence, they constitute a unique class of technologically important nanomaterials that have been utilized or are currently under audition for many applications in life sciences and nanotechnologies. This article first provides a comprehensive summary of synthetic strategies towards star polymers, then reviews the latest developments in the synthesis and characterization methods of star macromolecules, and lastly outlines emerging applications and current commercial use of star-shaped polymers. The aim of this work is to promote star polymer research, generate new avenues of scientific investigation, and provide contemporary perspectives on chemical innovation that may expedite the commercialization of new star nanomaterials. We envision in the not-too-distant future star polymers will play an increasingly important role in materials science and nanotechnology in both academic and industrial settings.

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Ren JM, McKenzie TG, Fu Q, Wong EHH, Xu J, An Z et al. Star polymers. Chemical Reviews. 2016 Jun 22;116(12):6743-6836. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00008