Fruta de la estrella (averrhoa carambola L.): Desde los usos tradicionales a las actividades farmacológicas]

Translated title of the contribution: Star fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.): From traditional uses to pharmacological activities

Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Amirin Sadikun, Kooi Yeong Khaw, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Averrhoa carambola L. (Oxalidaceae), commonly known as star fruit bears a great significance in traditional medicine. Traditionally, A. carambola was used in ailments such as arthralgia, chronic headache, boils and pyodermas, colds, cough, epistaxis, spermatorrhea, fever, food poisoning, gastroenteritis, malaria, malarial splenomegaly, oliguria, postpartum edema, sore throat, subcalorism and traumatic injury. Pharmacological investigations on A. carambola have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antifungal, antitumor and anti-ulcer activities. In addition, the plant possesses hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, nephrotoxic, neurotoxic, negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. Phytochemical investigations have shown the presence of saponins, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids. This review is an effort to update the pharmacological activities and clinical studies on A. carambola.

Translated title of the contributionStar fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.): From traditional uses to pharmacological activities
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)209-219
Number of pages11
JournalBoletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Averrhoa carambola
  • Chemical constituents
  • Oxalidaceae
  • Pharmacological activities

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