Stability of asymptotic behaviour within polarized T2-symmetric vacuum solutions with cosmological constant

Ellery Ames, Florian Beyer, James Isenberg, Todd A. Oliynyk

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Abstract

We prove the nonlinear stability of the asymptotic behaviour of perturbations of subfamilies of Kasner solutions in the contracting time direction within the class of polarized [Formula: see text]-symmetric solutions of the vacuum Einstein equations with arbitrary cosmological constant [Formula: see text]. This stability result generalizes the results proven in Ames E et al. (2022 Stability of AVTD Behavior within the Polarized [Formula: see text]-symmetric vacuum spacetimes. Ann. Henri Poincaré. (doi:10.1007/s00023-021-01142-0)), which focus on the [Formula: see text] case, and as in that article, the proof relies on an areal time foliation and Fuchsian techniques. Even for [Formula: see text], the results established here apply to a wider class of perturbations of Kasner solutions within the family of polarized [Formula: see text]-symmetric vacuum solutions than those considered in Ames E et al. (2022 Stability of AVTD Behavior within the Polarized [Formula: see text]-symmetric vacuum spacetimes. Ann. Henri Poincaré. (doi:10.1007/s00023-021-01142-0)) and Fournodavlos G et al. (2020 Stable Big Bang formation for Einstein's equations: the complete sub-critical regime. Preprint. (http://arxiv.org/abs/2012.05888)). Our results establish that the areal time coordinate takes all values in [Formula: see text] for some [Formula: see text], for certain families of polarized [Formula: see text]-symmetric solutions with cosmological constant. This article is part of the theme issue 'The future of mathematical cosmology, Volume 1'.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20210173
Number of pages25
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume380
Issue number2222
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2022

Keywords

  • big bang asymptotics
  • mathematical cosmology
  • stability

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