Spray flow structure from twin-hole diesel injector nozzles

D. Nguyen, D. Duke, Alan L Kastengren, Katarzyna Matusik, Andrew B. Swantek, C. F. Powell, D. Honnery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Two techniques were used to study non-evaporating diesel sprays from common rail injectors which were equipped with twin-hole and single-hole nozzles for comparison. To characterise the sprays, high speed optical imaging and X-ray radiography were used. The former was performed at the Laboratory for Turbulence Research in Aerospace and Combustion (LTRAC) at Monash University, while the latter was performed at the 7-BM beamline of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. The optical imaging made use of high temporal, high spatial resolution spray recordings on a digital camera from which peripheral parameters in the initial injection phase were investigated based on edge detection. The X-ray radiography was used to explore quantitative mass distributions, which were measured on a point-wise basis at roughly similar sampling rate. Three twin-hole nozzles of different subtended angles and a single-hole nozzle were investigated at injection pressure of 1000 bar in environments of 20 bar back pressure. Evidence of strong cavitation was found for all nozzles examined with their CD ranging from 0.62 to 0.69. Penetration of the twin-hole nozzles was found to lag the single-hole nozzle, before the sprays merged. Switching in hole dominance was observed from one twin-hole nozzle, and this was accompanied by greater instability in mass flow during the transient opening phase of the injectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-247
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017


  • Diesel
  • Penetration
  • Spray
  • Spray merge
  • Twin-hole nozzle
  • X-ray radiography

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