Spinal cord stimulation for refractory angina: 100 case-experience from the National Refractory Angina Service

Blandina Gomes, Kamen Valchanov, William Davies, Adam Brown, Peter Schofield

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Refractory angina represents an important clinical problem. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for refractory angina has been used for over two decades to improve pain and, thus, quality of life. This case series reports the clinical efficacy and safety profile of SCS. We included patients who had a SCS device implanted between 2001 and 2015 following a rigorous selection process. Patients were prospectively followed. We performed a descriptive analysis and used paired t-Test to evaluate the difference in Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina (CCS) class before and after SCS implant. Of the 100 patients included, 89% were male, the mean age was 65.1 years and mean follow-up time was 53.6 months. The CCS class after SCS implant was statistically improved from before (p<0.05) and 88% of patients who gave feedback were very satisfied. Thirty-Two patients died, 58% of those who had a documented cause of death, died from a non-cardiac cause. This study shows the outcome of 14 years' experience of SCS implantation. The anginal symptoms had a statistically significant improvement and the satisfaction rate was higher than 90%. The complication rate is within the range reported in the literature. SCS seems to be an effective and safe treatment option for refractory angina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-109
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Angina Pectoris
  • Clinical Outcome
  • Refractory Angina
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation

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