Objective: Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) has been implicated in neuroinflammatory processes and neuroplasticity and has been suggested as a target for the treatment of neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this investigation was to explore the involvement of PREP in the neuropathologic mechanisms relevant to temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) using a PREP inhibitor in a well-established rat model. Methods: PREP activity and expression was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats 2 and 12 weeks following kainic acid–induced status epilepticus (KASE). Continuous video-electroencephalography monitoring was performed for 2 weeks in the 12-week cohort to identify a relationship of PREP expression/activity with epileptic seizures. In addition, the animals included in the 2-week time point were treated with a specific inhibitor of PREP, KYP-2047, or saline continuously, starting immediately after SE. PREP activity and its expression were analyzed in rat brain by using enzyme kinetics and western blot. In addition, markers for microglial activation, astrogliosis, cell loss, and cell proliferation were evaluated. Results: Enzymatic activity of PREP was unchanged following induction of SE after 2 and 12 weeks in rats. PREP activity in epileptic rats did not relate to the number of seizures/day at the 12-week time point. Moreover, continuous inhibition of PREP for 2 weeks after KASE did not alter the SE-mediated neuroinflammatory response, cell loss, or cell proliferation in the hippocampal subgranule zone measured at the 2-week time point. Significance: PREP inhibition does not affect key pathologic mechanisms, including activation of glial cells, cell loss, and neural progenitor cell proliferation, in this KASE model of TLE. The results do not support a direct role of PREP in seizure burden during the chronic epilepsy period in this model.
- prolyl oligopeptidase
- temporal lobe epilepsy