Lead halide perovskites are widely applied in not only photovoltaics but also on-chip light sources and photon detection. To promote the incorporation of perovskite into integrated devices, microscale color patterning flexibility is a very important step. Here, we demonstrate spatially resolved modulation of the fluorescence of nanoplatelets (NPs) by femtosecond direct laser writing (fs-DLW). As the perovskite NP for the fs-DLW pattern is specially designed with a gradual bromide-iodide composition along the depth, the replacement of iodide ions by bromide ions can be activated under a controlled laser pulse and fluorescence is thus modulated from red to green. The effect of processing depth and NP thickness on fluorescence modulation is systemically investigated. The as-grown thick NP (thickness ≈ 500 nm) mainly exhibits a 690 nm emission from the bottom iodine-rich phase. After halide substitution induced by fs-DLW, a new fluorescence peak appears in the wavelength range of 540-600 nm; the peak position and intensity are controlled by the DLW conditions. The fluorescent color is spatially modulated from red to green, enabling microscale-resolved multicolor emission. Compared with other currently available techniques, microscale color patterning via fs-DLW is a straightforward mask-free one-step operation, yielding high spatial resolution and enabling three-dimensional patterning by the multiple-photon method. We demonstrate that arbitrary patterns can be drawn on a wide range of perovskite NPs, implying the potential applications in microencryption, sensors, multicolor displays, lasers, and light-emitting devices.
- direct laser writing
- femtosecond laser fabrication
- gradient band gap
- mixed-halide perovskites