Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Urban transport increasingly faces the twin global challenges of oil depletion and climate change. Two additional concerns in most cities are local air and noise pollution. Electric public transport vehicles could potentially help alleviate all four problems. Here we compare the energy, climate, and air and noise pollution implications of diesel and electric vehicle (EV) buses. Full fuel cycle energy and CO2 emissions per km of route were modelled, with the number of stops per km varied to represent inner and outer urban routes. We find that per km of route, EV buses hold an advantage over diesel buses on full fuel cycle energy use. But given current means of electricity production, minimum CO2 emissions of both vehicle types are almost identical, although these occur at a slightly lower average speed for diesel than for EV buses. We also find significant air and noise pollution benefits of EV over diesel buses, especially for inner city routes. This advantage is expected, because the higher density of population for the inner route magnifies the health risks of air and noise pollution. Finally, the results are generalised to aid decision-making about the benefits of electric buses in other cities, both in Australia and overseas.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings
Subtitle of host publication16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia
EditorsMatthew Burke, Geoff Rose, Stephen Greaves
PublisherAustralasian Transport Research Forum
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2016 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 16 Nov 201618 Nov 2016
Conference number: 38th
http://atrf.info/papers/2016/index.aspx

Conference

ConferenceAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2016
Abbreviated titleATRF 2016
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period16/11/1618/11/16
Internet address

Cite this

Honnery, D. R., Napper, R., Fridman, I., & Moriarty, P. (2016). Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses. In M. Burke, G. Rose, & S. Greaves (Eds.), Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings: 16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia Australasian Transport Research Forum.
Honnery, Damon Robert ; Napper, Robert ; Fridman, Ilya ; Moriarty, Patrick. / Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses. Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings: 16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia. editor / Matthew Burke ; Geoff Rose ; Stephen Greaves. Australasian Transport Research Forum, 2016.
@inproceedings{4fca6e11da664c2e98a5f4eca34d41ce,
title = "Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses",
abstract = "Urban transport increasingly faces the twin global challenges of oil depletion and climate change. Two additional concerns in most cities are local air and noise pollution. Electric public transport vehicles could potentially help alleviate all four problems. Here we compare the energy, climate, and air and noise pollution implications of diesel and electric vehicle (EV) buses. Full fuel cycle energy and CO2 emissions per km of route were modelled, with the number of stops per km varied to represent inner and outer urban routes. We find that per km of route, EV buses hold an advantage over diesel buses on full fuel cycle energy use. But given current means of electricity production, minimum CO2 emissions of both vehicle types are almost identical, although these occur at a slightly lower average speed for diesel than for EV buses. We also find significant air and noise pollution benefits of EV over diesel buses, especially for inner city routes. This advantage is expected, because the higher density of population for the inner route magnifies the health risks of air and noise pollution. Finally, the results are generalised to aid decision-making about the benefits of electric buses in other cities, both in Australia and overseas.",
author = "Honnery, {Damon Robert} and Robert Napper and Ilya Fridman and Patrick Moriarty",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
editor = "Burke, {Matthew } and Rose, {Geoff } and Greaves, {Stephen }",
booktitle = "Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings",
publisher = "Australasian Transport Research Forum",
address = "Australia",

}

Honnery, DR, Napper, R, Fridman, I & Moriarty, P 2016, Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses. in M Burke, G Rose & S Greaves (eds), Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings: 16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia. Australasian Transport Research Forum, Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016, Melbourne, Australia, 16/11/16.

Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses. / Honnery, Damon Robert; Napper, Robert; Fridman, Ilya; Moriarty, Patrick.

Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings: 16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia. ed. / Matthew Burke; Geoff Rose; Stephen Greaves. Australasian Transport Research Forum, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses

AU - Honnery, Damon Robert

AU - Napper, Robert

AU - Fridman, Ilya

AU - Moriarty, Patrick

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Urban transport increasingly faces the twin global challenges of oil depletion and climate change. Two additional concerns in most cities are local air and noise pollution. Electric public transport vehicles could potentially help alleviate all four problems. Here we compare the energy, climate, and air and noise pollution implications of diesel and electric vehicle (EV) buses. Full fuel cycle energy and CO2 emissions per km of route were modelled, with the number of stops per km varied to represent inner and outer urban routes. We find that per km of route, EV buses hold an advantage over diesel buses on full fuel cycle energy use. But given current means of electricity production, minimum CO2 emissions of both vehicle types are almost identical, although these occur at a slightly lower average speed for diesel than for EV buses. We also find significant air and noise pollution benefits of EV over diesel buses, especially for inner city routes. This advantage is expected, because the higher density of population for the inner route magnifies the health risks of air and noise pollution. Finally, the results are generalised to aid decision-making about the benefits of electric buses in other cities, both in Australia and overseas.

AB - Urban transport increasingly faces the twin global challenges of oil depletion and climate change. Two additional concerns in most cities are local air and noise pollution. Electric public transport vehicles could potentially help alleviate all four problems. Here we compare the energy, climate, and air and noise pollution implications of diesel and electric vehicle (EV) buses. Full fuel cycle energy and CO2 emissions per km of route were modelled, with the number of stops per km varied to represent inner and outer urban routes. We find that per km of route, EV buses hold an advantage over diesel buses on full fuel cycle energy use. But given current means of electricity production, minimum CO2 emissions of both vehicle types are almost identical, although these occur at a slightly lower average speed for diesel than for EV buses. We also find significant air and noise pollution benefits of EV over diesel buses, especially for inner city routes. This advantage is expected, because the higher density of population for the inner route magnifies the health risks of air and noise pollution. Finally, the results are generalised to aid decision-making about the benefits of electric buses in other cities, both in Australia and overseas.

M3 - Conference Paper

BT - Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings

A2 - Burke, Matthew

A2 - Rose, Geoff

A2 - Greaves, Stephen

PB - Australasian Transport Research Forum

ER -

Honnery DR, Napper R, Fridman I, Moriarty P. Spatially differentiated energy and environment comparison of diesel and electric buses. In Burke M, Rose G, Greaves S, editors, Australasian Transport Research Forum 2016 Proceedings: 16–18 November 2016, Melbourne, Australia. Australasian Transport Research Forum. 2016