Spatial requirements for location of basic residues in peptide substrates for smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase

B. E. Kemp, R. B. Pearson

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Abstract

The requirement of basic residues as substrate specificity determinants for the chicken gizzard myosin light chain kinase has been studied using synthetic peptide analogs of the local phosphorylation site sequence in the myosin light chains, Lys-Lys-Arg13-Pro-Gln-Arg16-Ala-Thr-Ser19-Asn-Val-Phe-Ala. The basic residue, Arg-16, was found to have a strong influence on the kinetics of phosphorylation similar to that reported previously for the three adjacent residues, Lys-11, Lys-12, and Lys-13. The location of Arg-16 in relation to Ser-19 as well as the distance between Arg-13 and Arg-16 had a profound effect on both the kinetics and the site specificity of phosphorylation. Placement of Arg-16 at position 15 resulted in a complete switch in phosphorylation site specificity from Ser-19 to Thr-18. Increasing the number of alanine residues between Arg-13 and Arg-16 in the model peptide, Lys-Lys-Arg-(Ala)(n)-Arg-Ala-Thr-Ser-Asn-Val-Phe-Ala, also influenced the kinetics and site specificity of peptide phosphorylation. With two or three alanines (n = 2 or 3), the apparent K(m) was 7.5 and 10 μM, respectively, and 97% of the phosphate was esterified to Ser-19. Increasing or decreasing the number of alanines (n = 0 tp n = 4) was accompanied by an increase in the apparent K(m) and phosphorylation of both Thr-18 and Ser-19. These results support the concept that both the presence and location of basic residues play an essential role in the substrate specificity of the smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3355-3359
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1985
Externally publishedYes

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