SP-40,40, a protein involved in the control of the complement pathway, possesses a unique array of disulphide bridges

L. Kirszbaum, S.E. Bozas, I.D. Walker

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Abstract

SP-40,40 is a two-chain serum protein which acts in vitro as a potent inhibitor of the assembly of the membrane attack complex of human complement. It contains 10 cysteine residues, the numbers and locations of which are conserved in several mammalian species. Evidence is presented that all the cysteine residues are involved in interchain (α-β) disulphide bonds. There are no free cysteine residues. The disulphide bond motif established in this study for SP-40,40 is unique and bears no obvious homology to those complement components whose disulphide bonds have been assigned, nor is there any homology apparent between SP-40,40 and other multi-chain proteins containing disulphide bonds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
Number of pages7
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume297
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Complement
  • Disulphide bridge
  • Protein sequencing
  • Sequence homology
  • SP-40,40

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