Solvent effects in the carbonylation of methanol

D. A. Nguyen, T. Sridhar

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Abstract

The kinetics of the carbonylation of methanol to methyl formate in the presence of sodium methoxide is reported in this paper. It is found that the presence of an inert nonpolar solvent has a significant effect on the rate of the reaction. The composition of the solvent is found to have a significant effect on the forward and reverse rate constants. This is also accompanied by a decrease in the activation energy of the reaction. These effects are consistent with the Scatchard equation which relates the rate constant to the dielectric constant of the reaction medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3044-3054
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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