Soluble inhibitors generated during hydrothermal pretreatment of oil palm mesocarp fiber suppressed the catalytic activity of Acremonium cellulase

Mohd Rafein Zakaria, Satoshi Hirata, Shinji Fujimoto, Izzudin Ibrahim, Mohd Ali Hassan

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Oil palm mesocarp fiber was subjected to hydrothermal pretreatment under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The pretreated slurries were separated by filtration, pretreated liquids and solids were characterized. An enzymatic digestibility study was performed for both pretreated slurries and solids to understand the effect of soluble inhibitors generated during the pretreatment process. The highest glucose yield obtained from pretreated slurries was 70.1%, and gradually decreased with higher pretreatment severities. The highest glucose yield obtained in pretreated solids was 100%, after pretreatment at 210. °C for 20. min. In order to study the inhibitory effects of compounds generated during pretreatment with cellulase, technical grade solutions that mimic the pretreated liquid were prepared and their effect on Acremonium cellulase activity was monitored using Avicel. Xylo-oligomers and tannic acid were identified as powerful inhibitors of Acremonium cellulase, and the lowest hydrolysis rate of Avicel of 0.18. g/g-glucose released/L/h was obtained from tannic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-547
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Acremonium cellulase inhibition
  • Hydrothermal pretreatment
  • Oil palm mesocarp fiber
  • Tannic acid
  • Xylo-oligomers

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