Solidification path and microstructure evolution of Mg-3Al-14La alloy: implications for the Mg-rich corner of the Mg-Al-La phase diagram

Charlotte Wong, Kazuhiro Nogita, Mark J. Styles, Suming Zhu, Dong Qiu, Stuart D. McDonald, Mark A. Gibson, Trevor B. Abbott, Mark A. Easton

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The solidification path and microstructure evolution in Mg-3Al-14La alloy have been investigated by in-situ synchrotron radiography, thermal analysis and characterisation of the final microstructure. It is shown that the solidification sequence begins with the precipitation of primary Al5La2, followed by a eutectic with the products α-Mg+Al5La2, then a mono-variant binary eutectic with the products α-Mg+Mg12La and lastly a ternary eutectic with the products α-Mg+Mg12La +(Al,Mg)3La. This solidification sequence is found to be significantly different to the current Mg-Al-La thermodynamic description. The two main discrepancies are: (i) with Al5La2 being the primary phase, the Mg-3Al-14La alloy is a hyper-eutectic alloy rather than a hypo-eutectic alloy as currently described and (ii) the (Al,Mg)3La phase, which was recently identified as a new phase in the Mg-Al-La system, is also present in the Mg-3Al-14La alloy. The results from this study will be useful for the improvement of the current thermodynamic description of the Mg-Al-La system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2019


  • Metals and alloys
  • Phase diagrams
  • Solidification
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • X-ray diffraction

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