Solid-State Lithium Conductors for Lithium Metal Batteries Based on Electrospun Nanofiber/Plastic Crystal Composites

Yundong Zhou, Xiaoen Wang, Haijin Zhu, Masahiro Yoshizawa-Fujita, Yukari Miyachi, Michel Armand, Maria Forsyth, George W Greene, Jennifer M. Pringle, Patrick C. Howlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Organic ionic plastic crystals (OIPCs) are a class of solid-state electrolytes with good thermal stability, non-flammability, non-volatility, and good electrochemical stability. When prepared in a composite with electrospun polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) nanofibers, a 1:1 mixture of the OIPC N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ([C2mpyr][FSI]) and lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) produced a free-standing, robust solid-state electrolyte. These high-concentration Li-containing electrolyte membranes had a transference number of 0.37(±0.02) and supported stable lithium symmetric-cell cycling at a current density of 0.13 mA cm−2. The effect of incorporating PVdF in the Li-containing plastic crystal was investigated for different ratios of PVdF and [Li][FSI]/[C2mpyr][FSI]. In addition, Li|LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cells were prepared and cycled at ambient temperature and displayed a good rate performance and stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3135-3145
Number of pages11
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • batteries
  • electrochemistry
  • lithium
  • nanofibers
  • polymers

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