Solid-state dye-sensitized mesoporous TiO2 solar cells with high photon-to-electron conversion efficiencies

U. Bach, D. Lupo, P. Comte, J. E. Moser, F. Weissörtel, J. Salbeck, H. Spreitzer, M. Grätzel

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3237 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solar cells based on dye-sensitized mesoporous films of TiO2 are low- cost alternatives to conventional solid-state devices. Impressive solar-to- electrical energy conversion efficiencies have been achieved with such films when used in conjunction with liquid electrolytes. Practical advantages may be gained by the replacement of the liquid electrolyte with a solid charge- transport material. Inorganic p-type semiconductors and organic materials have been tested in this regard, but in all cases the incident monochromatic photon-to-electron conversion efficiency remained low. Here we describe a dye-sensitized heterojunction of TiO2 with the amorphous organic hole- transport material 2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyhenyl-amine)9,9'- spirobifluorene (OMeTAD; refs. 10 and 11). Photoinduced charge-carrier generation at the heterojunction is very efficient. A solar cell based on OMeTAD converts photons to electric current with a high yield of 33%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-585
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume395
Issue number6702
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

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