Hydronephrosis causes renal dysfunction and salt-sensitive hypertension, which is associated with nitric oxide deficiency and abnormal tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) response. We investigated the role of oxidative stress for salt sensitivity and for hypertension in hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis was induced in superoxide dismutase 1-transgenic (SOD1-tg), SOD1-deficient (SOD1-ko), and wild-type mice and in rats. In mice, telemetric measurements were performed during normal (0.7 NaCl) and high-sodium (4 NaCl) diets and with chronic tempol supplementation. The 8-iso-prostaglandin-F(2alpha) (F2-IsoPs) and protein excretion profiles and renal histology were investigated. The acute effects of tempol on blood pressure and TGF were studied in rats. In hydronephrosis, wild-type mice developed salt-sensitive hypertension (114 +/- 1 to 120 +/- 2 mmHg), which was augmented in SOD1-ko (125 +/- 3 to 135 +/- 4 mmHg) but abolished in SOD1-tg (109 +/- 3 to 108 +/- 3 mmHg). SOD1-ko controls displayed salt-sensitive blood pressure (108 +/- 1 to 115 +/- 2 mmHg), which was not found in wild types or SOD1-tg. Chronic tempol treatment reduced blood pressure in SOD1-ko controls (-7 mmHg) and in hydronephrotic wild-type (-8 mmHg) and SOD1-ko mice (-16 mmHg), but had no effect on blood pressure in wild-type or SOD1-tg controls. SOD1-ko controls and hydronephrotic wild-type and SOD1-.......
|Pages (from-to)||R82 - R92|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|