Sociodemographic Determinants of Low Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Bangladeshi Adults: Results from WHO-STEPS Survey 2010

Md Nazmul Karim, M. Mostafa Zaman, Md Mujibur Rahman, M. A.Jalil Chowdhury, H. A.M.Nazmul Ahsan, Md Mahtabuddin Hassan, Syed Rezaul Karim, Md Zakir Hossain, Baki Billah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to investigate factors affecting fruit and vegetables (FAVs) intake among Bangladeshi adults. Dietary data of 9275 adults from the Bangladesh Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factor Survey 2010 were analyzed. The mean age of the respondents was 42.4 (±13.5) years. Multistage cluster sampling was applied to identify samples. Demographics, personal habits, physical activity, diet, and anthropometric data were collected using the WHO-STEPs questionnaire. Average daily intake of <5 servings of FAVs combined was considered to be low FAV consumption, and its prevalence was 82.8%. A mixed-effect logistic regression model was fitted to assess association of factors with low FAV intake. Higher educational attainment, greater wealth, female sex, low physical activity, body mass index >25 kg/m2, and smokeless tobacco consumption were significantly associated with higher FAV consumption. Frequency of low FAV intake increased with increasing age and decreased with increasing educational attainment. Programs targeting people at risk of low FAV consumption are needed to promote consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-198
Number of pages10
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Bangladeshi population
  • diet
  • fruit intake
  • NCD and risk factors
  • vegetables intake

Cite this