Social perspectives on health

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Abstract

Overview Understanding the social basis of health is essential for effective nursing practice in the community because health is much more complex than merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The philosophy of community nursing embraces and promotes the social model of health, which provides a framework for community practice. The social foundations of health include the social context in which people live, work and play, as well as a wide range of social, economic, cultural, environmental and political factors that influence the health of every person and population group. Collectively, these are known as the determinants of health. This chapter reviews the social model of health as it has developed since the 1970s, from primary health care and health equity through to the social determinants of health. Objectives When you have read this chapter, you should be able to: understand the social basis of health and the key social determinants of health; recognise the social model of health in theory and practice; apply social perspectives to community nursing practice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunity Nursing Practice
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, skills and issues
EditorsWinsome St John, Helen Keleher
Place of PublicationLondon UK
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Chapter2
Pages18-38
Number of pages21
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781000249088, 9781003115229
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Health
  • Health equity
  • Health promotion
  • Primary care
  • Primary health care
  • Social and economic determinants of health
  • Social model of health

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