Social inclusion and exclusion: A cultural historical perspective on an international transition into Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Expatriate children potentially experience multiple international transitions in their early childhood years as their parents move countries to fulfill the demands of employment with multinational companies. However, we know very little about the social interaction that occurs as young expatriate children enter into international schools. The focus here is the processes of a mid-semester transition, which resulted in both inclusion and exclusion practices. These processes are explored using Vygotsky’s (1994) cultural–historical system of concepts, specifically perezhivanie (the unity of personal and environmental characteristics) and the social situation of development. An analysis of different children’s perspectives is presented. In the larger study, 90 hours of data was gathered through video observation, still images, semi-structured interviews and field notes from five families. However, this study presents findings from the interaction of the three-year-old participants. Findings indicate that inclusion and exclusion become part of the values and norms of the classroom due to the demands of the curriculum and the way assessments are organised; this in turn affects the motives of children and their social interaction. The second finding explores the way very young children use complex interaction styles to negotiate forms of inclusion and exclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Journal of Early Childhood
Volume41
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • transition
  • inclusion
  • exclusion
  • mid semester transition
  • perezhivanie

Cite this

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title = "Social inclusion and exclusion: A cultural historical perspective on an international transition into Malaysia",
abstract = "Expatriate children potentially experience multiple international transitions in their early childhood years as their parents move countries to fulfill the demands of employment with multinational companies. However, we know very little about the social interaction that occurs as young expatriate children enter into international schools. The focus here is the processes of a mid-semester transition, which resulted in both inclusion and exclusion practices. These processes are explored using Vygotsky’s (1994) cultural–historical system of concepts, specifically perezhivanie (the unity of personal and environmental characteristics) and the social situation of development. An analysis of different children’s perspectives is presented. In the larger study, 90 hours of data was gathered through video observation, still images, semi-structured interviews and field notes from five families. However, this study presents findings from the interaction of the three-year-old participants. Findings indicate that inclusion and exclusion become part of the values and norms of the classroom due to the demands of the curriculum and the way assessments are organised; this in turn affects the motives of children and their social interaction. The second finding explores the way very young children use complex interaction styles to negotiate forms of inclusion and exclusion.",
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Social inclusion and exclusion : A cultural historical perspective on an international transition into Malaysia. / Adams, Megan Ruth; Fleer, Marilyn.

In: Australian Journal of Early Childhood, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2016, p. 86-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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T2 - A cultural historical perspective on an international transition into Malaysia

AU - Adams, Megan Ruth

AU - Fleer, Marilyn

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

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AB - Expatriate children potentially experience multiple international transitions in their early childhood years as their parents move countries to fulfill the demands of employment with multinational companies. However, we know very little about the social interaction that occurs as young expatriate children enter into international schools. The focus here is the processes of a mid-semester transition, which resulted in both inclusion and exclusion practices. These processes are explored using Vygotsky’s (1994) cultural–historical system of concepts, specifically perezhivanie (the unity of personal and environmental characteristics) and the social situation of development. An analysis of different children’s perspectives is presented. In the larger study, 90 hours of data was gathered through video observation, still images, semi-structured interviews and field notes from five families. However, this study presents findings from the interaction of the three-year-old participants. Findings indicate that inclusion and exclusion become part of the values and norms of the classroom due to the demands of the curriculum and the way assessments are organised; this in turn affects the motives of children and their social interaction. The second finding explores the way very young children use complex interaction styles to negotiate forms of inclusion and exclusion.

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