So You Want to be a Policy Entrepreneur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Policy entrepreneurs are energetic actors who engage in collaborative
efforts in and around government to promote policy innovations.
Given the enormous challenges now facing humanity, the
need is great for such actors to step forward and catalyze change
processes. Academic research on policy entrepreneurs has flourished
over recent years and, as a result, we know a lot about what makes
for effective policy entrepreneurship. This article summarizes that
research and offers insights for those who aspire to be policy entrepreneurs.
The work of policy entrepreneurs involves various strategies,
including (1) problem framing, (2) using and expanding
networks, (3) working with advocacy coalitions, (4) leading by
example, and (5) scaling up change processes. These strategies call
for sophisticated deployment of a range of attributes and skills
enumerated here, many of which can be nurtured and taught.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-323
Number of pages17
JournalPolicy Design and Practice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Policy entrepreneurs
  • policy making
  • policy innovation
  • problem framing
  • advocacy coalitions

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