SNP mapping and candidate gene sequencing in the class I region of the HLA complex: Searching for multiple sclerosis susceptibility genes in Tasmanians

R. K. Burfoot, C. J. Jensen, J. Field, J. Stankovich, M. D. Varney, L. J. Johnson, H. Butzkueven, D. Booth, M. Bahlo, B. D. Tait, B. V. Taylor, T. P. Speed, R. Heard, G. J. Stewart, S. J. Foote, T. J. Kilpatrick, J. P. Rubio

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Abstract

This study is an extension to previously published work that has linked variation in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I region with susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) in Australians from the Island State of Tasmania. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mapping was performed on an 865-kb candidate region (D6S1683-D6S265) in 166 Tasmanian MS families, and seven candidate genes [ubiquitin D (UBD), olfactory receptor 2H3 (OR2H3), gamma-aminobutyric acid B receptor 1 (GABBR1), myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), HLA-F, HLA complex group 4 (HCG4) and HLA-G] were resequenced. SNPs tagging the extended MS susceptibility haplotype were genotyped in an independent sample of 356 Australian MS trios and SNPs in the MOG gene were significantly over-transmitted to MS cases. We identified significant effects on MS susceptibility of HLA-A*2 (OR: 0.51; P = 0.05) and A*3 (OR: 2.85; P = 0.005), and two coding polymorphisms in the MOG gene (V145I: P = 0.01, OR: 2.2; V142L: P = 0.04, OR: 0.45) after full conditioning on HLA-DRB1. We have therefore identified plausible candidates for the causal MS susceptibility allele, and although not conclusive at this stage, our data provide suggestive evidence for multiple class I MS susceptibility genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalTissue Antigens
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Class I
  • HLA complex
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Susceptibility
  • Tasmania

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